God is a caring shepherd and a dependable guide. We must follow God and obey His commands. He is our only hope for eternal life and security.
Adonai (the Lord) is my shepherd; I lack nothing. (Psalm 23:1)
In describing the Lord as a shepherd, David wrote out of his own experience because he had spent his early years caring for sheep. Sheep are completely dependent on the shepherd for provision, guidance, and protection. The New Testament calls Jesus the good shepherd (John 10:11), the great Shepherd (Heb. 13:20), and the Chief Shepherd (1 Peter 5:4). As the Lord is the good shepherd, so we are His sheep – not frightened, passive animals, but obedient followers, wise enough to follow one who will lead us in the right places and right ways.
He has me lie down in grassy pastures; he leads me by quiet water, he restores my inner person. He guides me in right paths for the sake of his own name. (Psalm 23:2-3)
When we allow Adonai, our shepherd, to guide us, we have contentment. Our shepherd knows the “grassy pastures” and the “quiet waters” that will restore us.
Even if I pass through death-dark ravines, I will fear no disaster; for you are with me; your rod and staff reassure me. (Psalm 23:4)
Should a sheep fear when the shepherd is with it? What cause has it to fear if that Shepherd is omniscient, omnipotent, and full of tenderness?
The rod and staff are my comforts; they reassure me. Are you drinking in all this precious truth, dear friends? Are you feeling it in your soul’s deepest experience?
You prepare a table for me, even as my enemies watch; you anoint my head with oil from an overflowing cup. (Psalm 23:5)
There is a fight going on, and there are enemies all around. You do not have tables set in the hour of battle; but God keeps his people so calm amid the bewildering cry, so confident of victory, that even in the presence of their enemies a table is spread with all the state of a royal banquet.
My enemies may look on if they like; may grin, may wish they could devour, but my enemies cannot sit down at the table, and they cannot prevent me from sitting down at it.
“You anoint my head with oil.” At some feasts, they poured perfumed unguents on the heads of the guests, so God will leave out nothing that is for the joy and comfort of His people.
Goodness and grace will pursue me every day of my life; and I will live in the house of Adonai for years and years to come. (Psalm 23:6)
In the final scene of this psalm, we see that believers will dwell with the Lord. God, the perfect shepherd, and host promise to guide and protect us throughout our lives and to bring us into his house forever.
Please watch this video on Psalm 23 by Rabbi Greg. I have been following his ministry for some time now and his doctrine is very sound. I would also highly recommend that you subscribe to his Youtube channel.