The Birth of Another Son, Seth
Our first parents were comforted in their affliction by the birth of a son, whom they called Seth, that is, “set, settled,” or “placed;” in his seed mankind should continue to the end of time, and from him the Messiah should descend.
The only ray of hope in that dark day was God’s promise that a Redeemer would one day be born of the woman and conquers the serpent. But Abel was dead, so he couldn’t beget a child; and Cain, the unbelieving murderer, had wandered off and built a city in the Land of Nod, east of Eden.
Would God’s promise be fulfilled? How could it be fulfilled?
God is sovereign in all things and His plans aren’t frustrated by the foolish and sinful ways of mankind. Because He is the sovereign God, He “works all things according to the counsel of His will” (Eph. 1:11). “But our God is in heaven; He does whatever He pleases” (Ps. 115:3).
Meanwhile, Adam made love to his wife again, and she gave birth to another son and named him Seth.
Eve (to herself): God has given me another child to replace Abel, since Cain killed him.
The Voice (VOICE)
Eve must have received on this occasion some Divine communication, else how could she have known that this son was appointed in the place of Abel, to continue that holy line by which the Messiah was to come?
From this we see that the line of the Messiah was determined from the beginning, and that it was not first fixed in the days of Abraham; for the promise was then only renewed, and that branch of his family designated by which the sacred line was to be continued. And it is worthy of remark that Seth’s posterity alone continued after the flood, when all the other families of the earth were destroyed, Noah being the tenth descendant from Adam through Seth.
Though all these persons are mentioned in the following chapter, I shall produce them here in the order of their succession:
9. Lamech, (the second);
In order to keep this line distinct, we find particular care was taken that, where there were two or more sons in a family, the one through whom God particularly designed to bring his Son into the world was, by some especial providence, pointed out. Thus in the family of Adam, Seth was chosen; in the family of Noah, Shem; in the family of Abraham, Isaac; and in that of David, Solomon and Nathan. All these things God watched over by an especial providence from the beginning, that when Jesus Christ should come it might be clearly seen that he came by the promise, through grace, and not by nature.
And to Seth also a son was born, whom he named Enosh. At that time men began to call [upon God] by the name of the Lord.
Amplified Bible (AMP)
It was a never-to-be-forgotten experience when, under the encouragement of Enosh, men began to call upon (or with) the name of Jehovah, the covenant God. Enosh, who was prominent in the line of Seth, was the originator of public prayer and spiritual worship. In it, the ineffable name of the eternal God was used. There was hope for a better day through Seth’s descendants.