When God makes a promise, he keeps it, and we had better pay attention to how it applies to us.
Then Peter, with the eleven standing by him, raised his voice and addressed them: “Fellow Jews, and all who are living in Jerusalem, listen carefully to what I say while I explain to you what has happened! These men are not drunk as you suppose—it is after all only nine o’clock in the morning of this great feast day. No, this is something which was predicted by the prophet Joel, ‘And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your young men shall see visions, your old men shall dream dreams. And on my menservants and on my maidservants I will pour out my Spirit in those days and they shall prophesy. I will show wonders in heaven above and signs in the earth beneath: blood and fire and vapour of smoke. The sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and notable day of the Lord. And it shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.’
Acts 2:14-21 (PHILLIPS)
Now filled with the Holy Spirit and fresh from the Pentecost experience, Peter found new courage. He commanded immediate attention and addressed his remarks to fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem.
Not a chance. Not at nine in the morning. On feast days a Jew would not break fast until ten.
Most scholars believe Peter spoke in Aramaic, the common dialect of Jerusalem, which all there would have understood. It was the third hour of the day, a customary hour of prayer. Peter’s interesting argument may contain a bit of humor. He sounds rather like a pastor saying to a crowd gathered outside the church,
“Our deacons aren’t drunk yet – it’s too early for that.”
Obviously, there is no intent to indicate that the believers ever became drunk, but to provide a clear-cut, non-challengeable argument against the charge of drunkenness.
Then Peter launched into a recitation of Joel 2:28-32 reproduced by Luke from the Greek Old Testament, the Septuagint. No doubt Peter saw this passage fulfilled at Pentecost, at least in part. Men and women, young and old who gathered in Jerusalem after the ascension had experienced the pouring out of the Holy Spirit and subsequently proclaimed God’s wonders.
The context implies that the remainder of Joel’s prophecy, the full experience of cosmic wonders, would await the full repentance of God’s chosen nation. Nevertheless, it is part of the passage in Joel, so he thunders on to get to his major theme, And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.
In terms of the earthly life and ministry of Jesus, this was the end of the beginning. The Christians will now carry on what he began to do (1:1-2). In terms of the unfolding of the church era however, the New Covenant age, this was the beginning of the end. Prophecy had been renewed in fulfillment after four hundred years. God was at work again among his people – the resurrection and Pentecost had proven that.
What does it mean to be saved?
Certainly for Peter the “Lord” in the Joel passage is Jesus Christ. The spokesman for the twelve and all the other believers called all who would listen to turn to the Savior, God’s Messiah, and in doing so find life through his name. We will see this message and challenge many times in Acts.
The Homan New Testament – Acts